Monsters Inside Of You: How Negative Spiritual Parasites Can Invade Your Womb!

Sex in today’s society is no longer a sacred topic that was once an intimate conversation between husband and wife, or a private discussion amongst lady friends, midwives, doulas, and elder matriarchs. In fact the media promotes risque sexual encounters with numerous partners parallel to buying candy at a counter, and picking any new flavor you so desire, and whenever you desire. You do not like vanilla, well throw it away and try chocolate. If you do not like chocolate, you can throw that away and try something totally outside of candy, perhaps things you probably should not digest in the first place. Sex as a hobby or as a sport is influenced everywhere, from shows like “Sex in The City” to books like “Fifty Shades of Grey” the so-called sexual liberation has given the green-light to less about love, commitment, and connection and more speed to outlandish promiscuity.

What the media and society does not tell us with all the glamour and sensationalism surrounding sex, is that every sexual encounter is also a spiritual encounter. We know about the dangers of Sexually transmitted diseases and are told to use condoms as protection. Yet what we are not told is how does one protect one’s self from a Spiritually Transmitted Disease! That’s right there are two very real STD’s both sexual and spiritual and both are contracted the same way. They contract through promiscuous, unloving, and casual sex with multiple partners, whom you may know very little about on a spiritual level. Do not get me wrong, sex is a beautiful and pleasurable act, but sex is also a sacred connection designed for a man and a woman who love and respect one another on every level. This means respect and commitment with the person’s mind, body, spirit, and emotions, not just the physical body. In our world today, sex is abused as a perverted function and used as a pleasure-seeking robotic game. This twisted and distorted perception is creating zombies in men and creating monsters within women, and destroying their wombs.

This article is not really about sex, it is about the monsters that can become impregnated within a woman’s womb by having sexual encounters with men who are spiritually sick, and who may have negative and dark energy within them. This article will inform you of what takes place on an energetic level of which you cannot see, but can physically manifest within a woman’s body. If you do not know or you are not certain whether or not your partner has good spiritual energy, or a high spiritual vibration you might want to rethink that booty-call or one night stand!

What In The World Is Spiritual Energy- and Just How Does This Effect a Man & Woman During Sex?

For years now science has proven that our bodies are made up of pure energy. Everything in this universe is made up of the same energy. It is just presented in different forms and shapes. Every cell in the human body has its atoms structured so it has a negative and a positive voltage, inside and outside. Therefore, every cell in our body is a miniature battery. Each cell has 1.4 volts of energy – and this may not seem like a lot, but when you multiply by the number of cells in your body (50 trillion) you get a voltage of 700 trillion volts of electricity in your body. Nothing to play around with at all! This energy is similar to what the Chinese call “Chi.” This is also the energy used in hands on healing, such as Reiki. This energy is constant and has been around since the beginning of time.

Albert Einstein proved this long ago with his Law of Conservation of Energy. This law states that energy cannot be created nor destroyed but is transferred from one form to another. If we are made up of energy, and this energy is transferred from one form to another, it is quite logical to understand that humans exchange energy during sex. In fact every time you make love or have sex there is a significant exchange of spiritual energy. When ones partner has a great deal of negative energy, or a great deal of karmic debt it can create a spiritual intrusion inside a woman’s womb during sexual intercourse. A spiritual intrusion is when negative and dark soul energy becomes stuck and lodged within your reproductive organs and cannot pass through or be released. The reason it cannot be released is due to blockage which stagnates Chi energy.

According to Chinese Medicine which has been around for 5,000 years, and predates modern medicine states our bodies are connected by networks of light energy called our “Chi.” The word Chi simply means spiritual energy. This energy is our life force and it must be able to flow freely in order for perfect health or good health to be maintained. Any blocks in our bodies does not allow our Chi energy to flow and this causes disharmony in our bodies. If negative energy becomes stuck within your womb it often forms blocks, and Chi energy cannot properly flow. When this happens stagnation will soon occur. This blocked flow of energy will eventually cause stagnation of the blood flow or a complete halt of the blood flow. This action leads to tumors, fibroids, cysts, endometriosis, teratomas, and other womb and reproductive issues including infertility.

Medical doctors have no real clinical reason as to why women develop fibroids despite the fact that an estimated one in four women of childbearing age have fibroids. Further, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), 20-25% of women of reproductive age have fibroids. By the age of 50 up to 80% of black women and up to 70% of white women have fibroids. Women between the ages of 30 and 45 are commonly diagnosed with fibroids, and African-American women tend to have the highest risk of developing fibroids. However, fibroids have been found in women of all ethnic backgrounds. While doctors may not have medical reasons as to why fibroids, which are muscular growths of tissue invade the womb, Eastern teachings and ancient Sacred Womb teachings have a very clear explanation. These abnormal growths are spiritual intrusions that invade, and suck the life out of women. Fibroids bleed and they take from the blood supply, which is supposed to flow to the vital reproductive organs, such as the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Fibroids leave women tired, having a lack of energy, iron deficient, protruding abdomen, bloating, infertility, and can cause painful sex just to name a few. Fibroids can become as large as a basketball and can totally distort a woman’s uterus causing unbearable pain. Thousands of hysterectomies in women are performed all the time due to fibroids.

Another, spiritual intrusion in which medical science knows little as to why they plague women’s wombs is the ovarian teratoma. The word “Teratoma” is derived from Greek word “teraton” meaning monster. Teratomas may occur at any age but the prime age of discovery is in the childbearing years. The average age is 30. Up to 15% of women with ovarian teratomas have them in both ovaries. These cysts can range from the size of a grape to about 17 inches in diameter, approximately the size of a small watermelon. Teratomas can cause the ovary to twist and impede its blood supply, and if they burst they can cause serious damage. Also called a dermoid cyst of the ovary, a teratoma is a bizarre and strange tumor, usually benign, in the ovary that typically contains a mixture of tissues including hair, teeth, bone, thyroid, etc. What is known is that a cyst develops from a germ cell (a primary oocyte) that is located within the egg sac (ovary). Being a primary oocyte cell, it can give orders to other cells necessary to form mature tissues and often structures that would be found in a human baby, such as hair, bone, sebaceous oily material, neural tissue, teeth, and at its most grotesque some even have eyes. The teratoma is called a monster because this is exactly what it looks like. A distorted ball of flesh attached to your ovaries and having hair, teeth, bone, thyroid, and even sometimes an eye. Viewing a teratoma can be quite frightening to say the least and they may look like something from a science fiction movie. Teratomas however, are very real and any woman could have at this moment a monster inside of them. Yet what force or action causes these monsters to develop in the first place? Who or what is giving the orders for these cells to begin the process of creation? What exactly is this force trying to create?

Casual sexual encounters with others who may have negative or dark soul energy allows for the transmission of this energy to the womb. It is not unrealistic to postulate that this negative energy is what is giving the command to create the teratomas or monsters. The whole purpose of sexual intercourse is to procreate that is its function. Pleasure is merely a side benefit and a fail-safe, divine design so that we would enjoy the act of procreating! Ask yourself what would be the point in doing something that would bring about tremendous pain nine months later unless it is a pleasurable experience? Sex was designed to insure human life would continue regardless of outer circumstances, so yes it was designed to be pleasurable, but never meant to be abused. If we are supposed to create human life during sacred sexual intercourse, what might happen as a result of unholy unions and abusive, perverted, unloving, and uncommitted sexual encounters? We know from reading this article by now that during sex an exchange of energy takes place, but what happens to this energy?

Chi energy is spiritual energy and it is considered life-force energy and should flow freely through-out our bodies to bring about well-being. It would be only logical to assume that negative energy would do the opposite and work against our Chi energy as well as block it. It is know secret within Eastern spiritual teachings that sex is a sacred act in order to unite the masculine and feminine energies within a woman and a man. This union creates the wholeness that we lack and crave from the feelings of separation. The highest spiritual vibration is love and this is the source of Chi energy-God’s love. Love-making between a man and a woman allows for the opportunity to create another human life. So it is not illogical to assume that unholy, and unloving sexual acts also must create something and has the desire to create. The purpose of sex is to create, and you should never forget this fact. So no matter the kind of sex it can and will create, and negative sexual encounters could create monsters inside of you!

Why do we allow these encounters to take place in the first place some may ask? Sometimes when women have a great deal of unhealthy emotions, perhaps from abusive relationships, rape, abortions, miscarriages, and other traumatic experiences. These unhealthy emotions fester and become stagnant energy which can become lodged within their wombs. These blocked emotional energies lower women’s vibrations. Lower vibrations can attract other lower vibration and negative energies. So you may be attracted to a partner who has similar or like energetic vibrations. During sex these lower-level negative energies can attached themselves to the womb and parts within the reproductive area.

How The Womb Responds during unwanted & unloving sexual encounters:

A woman’s body intuitively knows what is sacred and what is not. Our womb tries to subconsciously protects us from disrespectful and dishonorable male sexual encounters, entrance, and stimulation. A woman’s body will often tense up and recoil at unloving sexual experiences. Our emotional connection will shut down and we will not be in the “mood.” Even if we ignore what our bodies are telling us and have sex anyway, most women will desire to cuddle or spoon immediately after sex.This is because it is our nature to connect with our lover. When a woman goes against her nature she is setting herself up for problems to occur. The more casual and unconnected sex becomes, the more a woman disengages from her intuitive abilities, and the more she will become numb. This often leaves a woman confused and unable to reject uncommitted and unloving sexual encounters.

When women engage in unloving sexual encounters it often feels like heavy, thick energy sitting in our wombs and bodies, or our energy field. It feels like extra weight, lethargy, dullness of thoughts, or lack of motivation. These unloving sexual encounters can and often does create emotional feeling such as shame, guilt, unworthiness, feeling undervalued and unloved. Another symptom may be a woman disappearing in her thoughts or mind during sex, and “tuning out” or going numb, in order to avoid being present. Sometimes, during the next day and even several days afterwards you feel a sudden loss of energy and may experience emotional upheavals, severe agitation, and mood-swings. The more you engage in unloving, and non-committed sexual relationships, the more you disturb your womb. If a woman has had sex with 15 men, then she has disturbed her womb energy 15 times. This creates 15 enormous energy blockages that she needs to break down so that healing and wellness can take place. The womb records every sexual encounter and every experience. After a period of time these unloving energetic exchanges become stored and lodged within the cellular memory of a woman. Overtime this can will block your vital Chi energy and can lead to reproductive illnesses such as fibroids, cysts, and teratomas, monsters inside of you.

For men it is a similar response, especially men who have sex with a plethora of women. Men who are not in control of their lower-level, primitive self will abuse the sacredness of sex. Men like this will abuse women’s wombs, not realizing they are actually in search of their maternal connection. These lost men are in search of their mother’s love, which some have never received. For others they have forgotten they came from the protective cushions of their mother’s womb. Such men lack respect for women and they view women as objects instead of the source of their very own creation. Some men even dislike feminine energy and become spiteful of it because their insatiable appetite cannot be quenched. Men like this can no longer feel the pure, loving spiritual energy in which only a woman’s womb can fulfill. A great majority of men are ignorant of their responsibility to a wife, and have know understanding of the powers of sacred womb energy and how it is actually a spiritual battery for men. In ignorance, some men claim they are sex addicts, but in truth they are desperately seeking sacred womb energy so that they can recharge and receive the life-force energy in which they need. Every time, a man has sex he releases precious life-force energy which is why he is exhausted after sex. He cannot get this energy back without the spiritual connection to his wife. However, her womb must be clear and undisturbed by negative energy in order for this to happen. What men do not realize is that all men are responsible for every womb they disturb. If a man disturbs 20 wombs, he is responsible for them all. It does not matter whether a man knows this information or not, karmically he is responsible for these women. Every encounter is an energetic exchange and some men have been with so many women that they have accumulated so much negative energy they are as walking zombies. They can no longer feel anything, they have no emotional connection, and no enthusiasm for life. Men like this often try to numb the pain with alcohol, drugs, gambling, and more sex. Sadly, nothing works to satiates their emptiness. Until such men reconnect with source and begin the process of healing, and making amends and respecting the power of the sacred womb nothing in their life will change.

We live in a world of duality, all things reflect positive and negative aspects. We must be ever mindful that the glamour and sensationalism surrounding sex only reveals one side. Sex is a beautiful and sacred act between a man and his wife, and it was designed as a vehicle for creation to take place. It is very important to remember this fact, and know what you may be creating when you engage in the act of sexual intercourse. When we abuse anything there are always consequences. Yet we do not have to live a life filled with sickness, confusion, and chaos. Human beings are intelligent and spiritual, and it is high time we reclaim our sacred selves, and not allow our lower-ego self to be in charge of our higher-spiritual self. Women do not have to suffer from invasive flesh monsters created from unloving, and negative sexual encounters. Men do not have to become zombie slaves to their primitive selves, acting as sex addicts, and feeling lost, disconnected and out of control. Ancient Eastern teachings such as Tantra and The Sacred Womb teachings, and methods can assist us in creating a better and brighter humanity.

Love & Light,

Tanya

Cyberethics (Information System Ethics)

In order to examine ethical issues, it is first necessary to define ethics. Today, we regard ethics as a “rational process founded on certain principles.” However, I believe a definition that is more applicable to this project is the ethical theory that existed in ancient Greece. There, ethics was the study of what was good for both the individual and society. We will look at some online issues and how they may be good and/or bad for society. Cyberethics is quite simply the study of ethics on the Internet.

“Ethics begins when elements within a moral system conflict.”

Cyberethics is often called as Information System Ethics. Information System ethics can be defined as “The study of moral, legal, ethical issues involving the use of information and communication technologies”

There are many unique challenges we face in this age of information. They stem from the nature of information itself. Information is the means through which the mind expands and increases its capacity to achieve its goals, often as the result of an input from another mind. Thus, information forms the intellectual capital from which human beings craft their lives and secure dignity.

However, the building of intellectual capital is vulnerable in many ways. For example, people’s intellectual capital is impaired whenever they lose their personal information without being compensated for it, when they are precluded access to information which is of value to them, when they have revealed information they hold intimate, or when they find out that the information upon which their living depends is in error. The social contract among people in the information age must deal with these threats to human dignity. The ethical issues involved are many and varied in Information System Ethics.

Ethics is required in information Systems to overcome the following ethical issues.

Privacy: What information about one’s self or one’s associations must a person reveal to others, under what conditions and with what safeguards? What things can people keep to themselves and not be forced to reveal to others?

Accuracy: Who is responsible for the authenticity, fidelity and accuracy of information? Similarly, who is to be held accountable for errors in information and how is the injured party to be made whole?

Property: Who owns information? What are the just and fair prices for its exchange? Who owns the channels, especially the airways, through which information is transmitted? How should access to this scarce resource be allocated?

Accessibility: What information does a person or an organization have a right or a privilege to obtain, under what conditions and with what safeguards?

Information System ethics explores and evaluates:

o the development of moral values in the information field,

o the creation of new power structures in the information field, information myths,

o hidden contradictions and intentionality’s in information theories and practices,

o the development of ethical conflicts in the information field. etc

Now let us take a look at privacy by the following examples. A few years ago, Florida lawmakers gave the go ahead to have monitors stationed in bathrooms at Tallahassee Community College to determine if the facilities were being underutilized. Students and faculty vehemently protested that the monitors violated their privacy. State officials said that the value of the information gained through the study was more important than the threat to privacy. Other issues like collection of private data of the users using internet by monitoring the traffic is strongly related to one’s policy as that information can be further used for illegal purposes. These types of privacy issues are needed to be addressed properly so that they should not exploit one’s freedom. One issue that I kept thinking about when I was constructing my Web page was whether it was ethical to lift an image from someone’s home page and use it on my Web page without crediting the source. Such ethical issues come under property.

One reason that topics such as online gambling and pornography have become such firestorms of controversy in cyberspace is the simple fact that so many people have access to the Web sites. Simply put, if no one had access to online pornography no one would care. With this another issue “Censorship” comes which should be deal in efficient way as it is not easy to implement. Ethical issues can also be religious, moral or any other.These type of issues are not easy to deal with.

Similarly, let us take China into consideration on the issue of “Censorship”. China has implemented the methods of censoring the internet that are somewhat harder to bypass for people generally unfamiliar with the way internet works. There is ,for example internet censorship as implemented in China–using a list of banned words that are censored on the fly. As users in china request a webpage , the incoming page is first inspected by government servers n blocked if a banned term such as “Democracy” is present. Human censors are also actively looking at what people browse on the internet, and block websites as they see fit.

Crimes on internet are also increasing in a continuous manner.Computer crime is a general term that embraces such crimes as phishing, credit card frauds, bank robbery, Industrial espionage, child porn, kidnapping children via chat rooms, scams, cyber terrorism, viruses, spam and so on. All such crimes are computer related and facilitated crimes. Many recent cases seen like Microsoft’s website was brought down for a little time resulting in a huge loss to Microsoft. Similarly, NUST, one of the best considered university in Pakistan got Hacked and redirected to another domain. Credit card fraud have grown in an increasingly manner. Leakage of Military information from internet is another internet crime. Software known as Google earth, which shows information about different places including military land or can lead to robbery planning, is becoming an ethical issue around the world. Many people protest against this leakage of information but still one can’t deny that it is one of the major enhancements in Information Technology.

The question about how to police these crimes has already been constructed, but this task is turning out to be an uphill battle. Since the first computer crime law, the Counterfeit Access Device and Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1984, the governments have been trying to track down and stop online criminals. The FBI of different countries have tried many programs and investigations in order to deter Internet crime, like creating an online crime registry for employers .The reality is that Internet criminals are rarely caught. One reason is that hackers will use one computer in one country to hack another computer in another country. And that criminal isn’t working alone. Loosely organized groups–which security experts call “Web gangs”–conduct much of the illegal activity online. The structure of Web gangs may be patterned on that of traditional organized crime, in which the members of the group may never come into contact with one another and may never be aware of who they are working for.

Conclusion:

We live in an exciting time in history. The widespread availability of computers and Internet connections provides unprecedented opportunities to communicate and learn. Unfortunately, although most people use the Internet as a powerful and beneficial tool for communication and education, some individuals exploit the power of the Internet for criminal or terrorist purposes.

We can minimize the harm that such individuals do by learning ourselves, and teaching young people, how to use the Internet safely and responsibly. The term “cyberethics” refers to a code of safe and responsible behavior for the Internet community. Practicing good cyberethics involves understanding the risks of harmful and illegal behavior online and learning how to protect ourselves, and other Internet users, from such behavior. It also involves teaching young people, who may not realize the potential for harm to themselves and others, how to use the Internet safely and responsibly.

The Success Avoidance Syndrom

Life is full of ironies and paradoxes. One of the most amazing of these is the human tendency to cry for and cling to those things that hurt them. As one notable poet put it, “people run for their chains.” Is it not amazing that people generally dislike prisons, and yet it is a known fact that many former prisoners would rather be in prison than out of it? How many people out there are clinging to and crying for relationships, and yet they fully know that those same relationships are dysfunctional and leading nowhere?

How many companies, individuals and nations are tenaciously holding onto solutions that have passed their sale by date? How many people desire to lose weight and to be in good health, and yet daily crave for and indulge in those behaviors that negate this aim? My proposition is that there are many. Perhaps the most debilitating human condition is the success avoidance syndrome. Put simply, people have this tendency to want and wish for success, and yet simultaneously unwittingly avoid the things that make for success. They desire success but hasten their feet towards failure. Below is a synopsis of the traits of the success avoiding individual.

o Risk Avoidance.

Many people want to succeed in life but they are averse to risk. However, the very nature of success is that the greater the risk involved the greater the rewards. Every opportunity carries within it a certain amount of risk. To try is to risk failing; to propose is to risk being turned down; to love is to risk heartbreak; to advance is to risk repulsion and resistance; to lead is to risk criticism and being cartooned; to express yourself is to risk appearing a fool; to seek profits is to risk making losses; to put your views to the public (like I am doing now) is to risk being ridiculed; to trust people is to risk being disappointed; to be yourself is to risk being rejected; to be a copycat is to court frustration; to write an exam is to risk failure and disappointment; to communicate is to risk being misunderstood, to buy something is to risk dissatisfaction and dissonance; to get an insurance policy is to risk paying for a service that may never become necessary.

It is true that risk is often uncomfortable. However, the alternative which is failure, frustration and underachievement is even worse. Not only is the alternative very discomfiting, but it is also painful. Any risk minimization strategy is therefore actually a success reduction mechanism. A faint heart never wins a fair lady, and there is no crown for the coward. It is that simple. The winners know that the greatest risk in life is to risk nothing. After all to be alive is to risk dying some day and we will all die, so what is the big deal?

Before we leave the subject of risk it is important to underline that there is a big difference between taking risks and taking gambles. To gamble is to put oneself at the mercy of fate and chance. With gambling one has no influence over the outcome at all and a good example is lottery. However, when one takes risk one does not become a prisoner of fate but remains a participator in a process in which the success is not guaranteed, but the chances thereof can be influenced by one’s own decisions and actions. There is no self determination with gambling, but the risk taker retains some control.

o Failure Avoidance

The person obsessed with avoiding failure learns to do nothing. It is only that person that never does anything, that never makes mistakes. In truth there is no effort without shortcomings. However, action is a progenitor of success and it follows logically that the person who never engages in meaningful and serious action by this very act of omission avoids success. Activity, of course is not to be confused with progress, but there can never be progress without activity. Failure avoidance is success avoidance. Period.

Failure avoidance is a learnt habit. Research indicates that families, companies and environments replete with criticism, cynicism, pessimism, threats of punishment and motivation by fear are a good breeding ground for failure avoiders. To the contrary affirmation, recognition, acknowledgement, praise, reward and encouragement constitute the diet of the success pursuers. Creativity and innovation cannot co-habit with fear of failure and punishment.

The failure avoiders are regulated by their fear of failure, but the winners are inspired by their dreams. In most cases the failure avoiders keep fresh the memories of their past failures, catastrophes, fiascos and heartbreaks. Their minds are filled with imaginations of pain and failure and negative outcomes. They always fear and expect the worst. They think in terms of and look for limits, but the winner thinks in terms of and looks for opportunities.

The loser is therefore always running away from limits, while the winner is running towards opportunity. The winner recognizes that limits and opportunities are one and the same thing. The difference lies in the eye of the beholder and how he chooses to interpret what he sees. The failure avoider sees the challenges as stumbling blocks to be avoided but the winner sees them as stepping stones to be embraced and utilized. In truth every challenge brings with it an opportunity to grow, but it is easy to miss this opportunity if one sees it as a burden, problem or disappointment.

What have you been avoiding all your life and of late? What have you been hesitating to do? Is it a conversation, telephone call or important decision? Whatever it is, take time to reflect on whether your avoidance does not constitute success avoidance. To be continued, expect some more.

How to Keep From Treating People With Disabilities Differently

Workshop Goals

To understand the history of American attitudes and legislation regarding people with disabilities;

To learn how to properly assist individuals with disabilities in a courteous and respectful manner;

To practice providing assistance to people with disabilities, both fellow employees and museum guests.

In order to gain the most out of the presentation, please:

  • Listen with an open mind;
  • Be respectful of each other;
  • Challenge your thinking;
  • Be willing to learn something new that you can use on the job!

Challenge Activity

Bean Bags

  • Place a bean bag on your head
  • Move to the music!
  • If your bean bag falls off your head, freeze until another player, without losing his/her beanbag, retrieves the fallen one and replaces it on the frozen person’s head.
  • If the rescuer loses his/her beanbag, then he/she is also frozen until another person appears to rescue them both.

What is the object of the game?

How do you “win”?

What is the advantage of picking up a classmate’s beanbag?

What is the Definition of a Disability?

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), as amended by the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (ADAAA), prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in several key areas including: state and local government services, places of public accommodation, employment, telecommunications and transportation.

The individual with a disability is a person who (3 part definition):

  • Has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities;
  • Has a record of such an impairment, even if they do not currently have the impairment; or
  • Being regarded as having such an impairment.

What is considered a disability?

The ADA does not list conditions that are considered disabilities; however it does list those which are not included.

Not covered by the ADA are homosexuality, bisexuality, transvestism, transsexualism, compulsive gambling, kleptomania, pyromania, pedophilia, exhibitionism, voyeurism, gender identity disorders not resulting from physical impairments, other sexual behavior disorders.

The ADA does not cover individuals who are currently engaging in illegal drug use.

A short-term condition is generally is not a disability. The test is whether the impairment markedly limits major life activities when assessing the duration, scope, and impact of the impairment.

Small Group Activity

Divide into small to discuss your experiences and examples of instances you have assisted co-workers or museum guests with the following disabilities:

  • Physical
  • Sensory
  • Intellectual or Developmental
  • Emotional
  • Invisible

Remember that each person’s situation is unique!

Physical disabilities: a limitation on a person’s physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina; a short list of examples:

  • Spinal cord injury
  • Amputation
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Spina bifida
  • Musculoskeletal injuries (eg back injury)
  • Arthritis
  • Muscular dystrophy

Sensory impairment: a limitation of one or more of a person’s senses; including:

  • Hearing Loss
  • Tinnitus
  • Limited vision/Blindness
  • Loss of Smell
  • Spatial awareness

A person could be born with the impairment or could it could develop throughout the lifetime.

Intellectual disabilities – significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, which covers social and practical skills. Originates before age 18 years. Affects approximately 3% of the population.

  • Autism Spectrum Disorders
  • Down’s Syndrome
  • Fragile X Syndrome
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)

Emotional

  • Mental illness has nothing to do with intelligence.
  • Mental illness is a condition that disrupts a person’s thinking, feeling, mood, and ability to relate to others.
  • Results in a diminished capacity for dealing with everyday life
  • Can include major depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, and personality disorder.

The Invisibility of Disabilities

Be sensitive that disabilities come in a variety of types, and each person is an individual

The impact of a person’s disability may not be easily seen.

Person may be perceived as lazy, when in fact, the disability impacts his/her ability to learn, work, and function.

Teachers and peers may see only behavior problems or uncooperative behaviors, rather than accommodating the disability.

A Brief History of Legislation

1964 – Title 7 of the Civil Rights Act

1973 – Rehabilitation Act, Section 504

1990 – Americans with Disabilities Act – First comprehensive civil rights law for people with disabilities.

History, continued

2008 – ADA Amendments Act

Expanded definition of the term disability to include individuals with amputations, intellectual disabilities, Epilepsy, Multiple Sclerosis, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, Muscular Dystrophy, and cancer;

Strikes a balance between employee and employer interests;

Overturned two key Supreme Court decisions (Sutton vs. United Airlines, Inc. and Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc. vs. Williams), where lower courts had found individual’s situation did not constitute a disability, therefore the question of discrimination had never been addressed.

American Attitudes – FDR

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

32nd President of the United States from 1933 to 1945.

Had suffered paralysis as a result of Polio.

Although the his use of a wheelchair was common knowledge, the wheelchair was not shown by the media.

Gather Your Thoughts

How do you feel about the cloaked FDR statue?

What do you think is more important: to respect President Roosevelt’s wishes OR to reflect modern views of people with disabilities?

How could this spectrum of opinion be reflected in the workplace?

As a manager, how do you work to bring understanding and acceptance among your staff, while following current ADAAA guidelines?

Let’s examine recent examples of people with disabilities who have achieved celebrity status!

Stevie Wonder

Born prematurely in 1950 in Michigan. Suffered retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), due to too much oxygen in the hospital’s incubator.

Began playing instruments at an early age and signed with Motown Records at age 11. Has had an amazing writing and recording career.

Celebrity spotlights can aid in bringing important issues into the spotlight.

Jim Abbott

Born in 1967, in Flint, Michigan, without a right hand

Baseball star for University of Michigan

Played in the 1988 Summer Olympics

Played Major League Baseball, and pitched a no-hitter in 1993 as a NY Yankee.

Amy Purdee

Born in 1979 in Las Vegas, Nevada

Contracted meningitis at age 19, resulting in double amputation below the knees and kidney transplant

Paralympic Athlete in Snowboarding – Bronze Medalist

Terminology Over Time

Crippled – an invalid and derogatory term that is no longer acceptable to describe people with disabilities;

Retarded – a medical term that can be used as a slur; no longer acceptable in everyday language:

Handicapped – something that hampers or hinders, such as in a race; no longer used in referring to people;

Normal people – avoid using this term when making a comparison, as this implies a person with a disability is not normal. Everyone is unique and has their own identity and abilities;

Person with a Disability – “people-first” language that focuses on the individual, not their condition.

Using People-First Language

American Psychological Association Style guide

  • Person’s name or pronoun first
  • Description of impairment or disability second
  • Descriptors should not modify or limit the person

Examples:

  • A boy with Down’s Syndrome, not “the Down’s Syndrome boy”;
  • Sydney has a hearing impairment, not “the deaf girl.”

Discussion: What Do You Do?

On the Job Situations You May Encounter

A guest arrives at an event with a cat in a stroller. She claims the cat is a service animal. Do you allow her entrance?

A group of 60 children is moving from the 1st floor exhibit to the 2nd floor through the only staircase in the wing. One child is on crutches. As the group’s tour guide, how do you handle the transition between floors?

What Do You Do?

Guidelines to Follow

  • If the guest claims the cat is with her as a service animal, the cat can be permitted to accompany her into the event. She does not need to produce any paperwork to justify the service animal.
  • Review the options with the student’s teacher/chaperone. If the child wishes to take the elevator, suggest a small group of students and an adult accompany her, so she does not feel alone or singled out.
  • Ask the guest if he would like to sit or hold onto in a chair inside the ride.

Employees with Disabilities: What is Reasonable Accommodation?

A reasonable accommodation is assistance or changes to a position or workplace that will enable an employee to do his or her job despite having a disability.

Under the Americans with Disabilities Act, employers are required to provide reasonable accommodations to qualified employees with disabilities, unless doing so would pose an undue hardship

Examples of Reasonable Accommodations

  1. Providing a chair for a cashier who uses crutches so he or she can sit when not assisting customers.
  2. Reserving a parking space close to the entrance for an employee who has difficulty walking because of loss of a limb.
  3. Providing instructions and information in writing for an employee with hearing loss.
  4. Permitting a staff member to bring a service animal to work.
  5. Allowing an employee with tinnitus to play background music to help block out the ringing in his ears.
  6. Allowing more frequent work breaks or providing back-up coverage when an employee with a disability needs to take a break.
  1. Providing specialized equipment for an employee who has lost a hand or finger, such as a large-key keyboard, a one-handed keyboard, a trackball, a touchpad, or speech recognition software.

  2. Flexibility in scheduling to allow an employee with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder to attend counseling sessions or offering a later start time to a staff member with a spinal cord injury who has a lengthy personal care routine.
  3. Decreasing distractions, providing information in writing, breaking down complex assignments into small steps for a person with a traumatic brain injury.
  4. Making sure equipment is within reach for an employee who uses a wheelchair.
  5. Adjusting the height of an office desk for a staff member who uses a wheelchair, and ensuring the space is not obstructed by wastebaskets or other items.

Unacceptable Practices

Examples of A Record or History of Disability

Examples:

  • An employer refuses to hire a qualified candidate due to a history of mental illness, even though the person has recovered sufficiently to perform all essential functions of the job.
  • A dentist refuses to treat a patient because he was diagnosed as having HIV, even though the diagnosis was proven to be incorrect.
  • A retail outlet fires a woman who is pregnant, because they assume she will not be able to work during the busy holiday season.

Unacceptable Practices

Regarded as Having an Impairment

Examples:

  • An employee has controlled high blood pressure, which is not substantially limiting. However, his employer fears that the employee will suffer a heart attack and reassigns the employee to a less strenuous job.
  • A person with a severe burn or scar does not actually have a disability. He may be regarded as having a disability when he faces discrimination based on people’s attitudes toward him.
  • An overweight candidate for a bus driver position is not hired because the employer assumes (without conducting tests) that she will not be able to move fast enough in case of an emergency.

Courtesy

Gum chewing – Do not chew gum when speaking to people with hearing loss. It makes you more difficult to understand

Stand in front – When speaking to people with hearing loss, stand directly in front, so they can see your lips

Paper and pencil – Have a paper and pencil ready, in case communicating through written word may be more effective than spoken word

Sit down – when speaking to a person in a wheelchair, take a seat! Looking upward may hurt their neck, and it is common courtesy to be at eye level.

Ask if the person wants help before acting – Do not assume that someone needs help. Have the respect and courtesy to ask how you may help, and then follow directions

Be patient – Do not roll your eyes, cross your arms, or rush a person who needs extra time.

Use people-first language – always refer to the person first and do not use their situation as a descriptor.

End of Session Quiz

You are at the Information Desk and a guest in a wheelchair has a question. What is the most courteous way to approach the interaction?

An employee you are managing has been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. She begins to walk with a cane, and is able to perform her job functions as school group facilitator in the laboratory. Discuss what types of accommodations can be made for her.

A child who uses crutches wants to watch the Dive Show at the Kelp Tank. All the seats are filled and many patrons have filled the open viewing area. How do you accommodate the child, so he can see the show?

List 3 new pieces of information that you learned, which you can use on the job.

1- Information Desk

Invite the guest to the side of the counter that is wheelchair accessible.

Sit at the chair, so you are eye-level.

Answer his questions respectfully.

Ask if the guest needs any assistance.

Ask if he is familiar with the location of the elevator.

2- Employee Accommodations

Review the employee’s job duties and discuss if any accommodations need to be made at this time, such as reassignment, additional time for tasks, use of a chair while working.

Make a plan to review her situation as needed, to see if any accommodations or a reassignment needs to be made.

For example, an employee who lead the student experiments in the laboratory could be reassigned to the Information Desk to answer the telephone with a headset.

3- Viewing the Show

  • Given that the situation involves a child, consult with the student’s parents or chaperone.
  • Ask if the child would like to sit by the tank or in the bleachers.
  • Show the family where the seating area for people with disabilities is located.
  • If someone is sitting in that area, respectfully work with the guest to find a spot for the child. Posted signs indicate that the are is reserved for people with special needs.
  • If there is no wiggle room, ask if the child would like a chair to sit, or ask a guest if they would mind moving over to accommodate the child.
  • Remember that you are responsible for the guests during the dive show. Feel empowered to make the situation pleasant for the guests, in a courteous manner. Call your supervisor if you need additional assistance.